Picture inside Picture (PiP)

What isPiP and Why PiP is used?

 Picture-in-Picture (PiP) is a feature available on Android smartphones running Android 8.0 Oreo and later. It is one of Android Oreo’s big new features that lets you see two apps at once. It allows you to multitask. For instance, you can search for a restaurant while video chatting with a friend or watch a YouTube video while getting directions on Google Maps. You will be watching a YouTube video or Google Map Navigations on a pop-up window in our Home Screen.

When you open an app in multi-window and return to the home screen, a visible sliver of the app remains up top, letting you see which app you had opened. You can pull down on the black bar to preview the app’s contents, or expand it to fill the screen. Apps need to be updated to support the capability, but the necessary changes are relatively simple. Right now, YouTube, VLC, and Chrome support PiP, but now that Oreo is rolling out to devices, other major video or independent apps shouldn’t be far behind.

Where it is used?

It can be a little tricky setting it up on your phone. Developers have to implement picture-in-picture mode on a case-by-case basis.

We’ve compiled a list of popular supported apps so far,

  • VLC for Android
  • Netflix
  • Google Maps
  • Telegram
  • Google Duo
  • WhatsApp (beta)
  • YouTube
  • Chrome

Each app may use a slightly different process to open a PIP window. For example, Chrome requires you to watch a video in fullscreen mode, while YouTube does it whenever any video is playing. VLC requires you to tap the menu button during video playback and select the PIP option. But the controls once you invoke the floating window are the same.

Where it can be used?

 It can be implemented on only certain apps not on all apps. This is because PiP mode is for independent
apps. The content that is played should not have any major dependency on user only on such apps it can be implemented.

Some apps types in which PiP mode can be implemented,

  • Any Video call feature
  • Any video player feature
  • Voice Recorder
  • Camera
  • Calender view or Calender task view
  • Location Tracking
  • Play music
  • Hotstar/ Jio/ Airtel or any Tv
  • Any live Telecasting
  • Crichuzz (Live score updation)
  • Playbooks

How to Launch PiP?

There isn’t a predictable way to launch picture-in-picture mode. Most apps switch to a floating window view with a tap of Android’s home button or back button but that’s not always the case. As I already mentioned PiP mode can be customized in different ways.

To figure out how to launch an app’s picture-in-picture mode, you’ll have to play around in the app or the app’s

Configure PiP on your Mobile

Pip mode should be enabled by default, if not follow the steps give:

  1. Go to Settings on your smartphone or tablet.
  2. Tap
    Apps and Notifications
    > Advanced.
  3. Tap
    Special App Access > Picture-in-picture.

Then you will get a view list of apps that support PiP mode and which had  PiP enabled. To disable this feature on a particular app, tab on an app and slide Allow picture-in-picture toggle to Off position.

Implementation of PiP on Maps(For Developers)


Map Displayed on a Fragment

  1. Add Dependencies (Google-play-service-Maps) into the
    Gradle app file.
  2. Generate Map API online.
  3. Add that API key to your Manifest file.
  4. Add Fragment to the xml to display Map.
  5. Add User permissions on Manifest file.

      Adding PiP mode Coding level

  1. Enable PiP to “True” in manifest under the respective Activity.
  2. Adding API Key and Setting up PiP Permissions

Google Map displayed as a popup onclick of back button (PiP Mode)

  • In MainActivity create a function onBackPressed() to display the app in pip mode on
    click of the android back button.
  • Now call the PiP
  • We can customize
    the PiP window size and controls.

How to use PiP Controls?

Picture-in-picture mode puts several simple and easy controls on the pop up window like playback controls front and center. Tap on the PiP window and you’ll see play, fast forward, and rewind buttons, and a center button that maximizes the app for video player and Close, fullscreen, Settings for Permissions.. If you’re watching a video from YouTube or VLC, you’ll get a headphone shortcut that plays the video in the background. And if you’re watching a playlist, tapping the fast forward button skips to the next video in the list. When you’re done
with the playback controls, tapping on the window again hides them.

The picture-in-picture window is moveable. Tap, hold, and drag to move it to any part of your phone or tablet’s
screen, and lift your finger to release it. If you let go somewhere in the middle, the window snaps to the closest valid location.

Map Controls Settings, Expand, Close controls

When you’re ready to dismiss it, a simple tap, hold, and drag to the bottom of the screen does the trick.

Advantage :

  • Picture-in-picture mode might be useful for
    multitasking, but it can be annoyingly easy to trigger by mistake. Luckily, you
    can disable picture-in-picture mode on a per-app basis.
  • PiP is also convenient if you want
    to casually watch a video rather than pay full attention, such as a funny video
    that’s taking too long to get to the punchline.

Keep Updating Keep Growing!!

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